Chronic lymphocytic leukemia in dogs is best kept under control through monitoring the dog. As long as no other conditions appear, no treatment needs to be initiated. If the condition is advanced and causes anemia (decreased red cells), thrombocytopenia (decreased platelets) or other symptoms such as enlarged spleen (splenomegaly) or lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy), treatment is needed. This usually consists of medication to reduce the number of white cells. Remission is possible, however remission episodes are temporary and the treatment needs to be restarted. The typical treatment consists of chlorambucil chemotherapy in various doses, depending on the degree of remission. If this treatment fails, chemotherapy is the alternative. As chronic lymphocytic leukemia progresses slowly, some dogs can go on without chemotherapy for up to 2 years. Once this form of leukemia has been diagnosed and there are clinical symptoms, treatment can help slow down the progression of the disease course.
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Randhurst Animal Hospital
212 East Rand Rd., Mt. Prospect, IL 60056
Veterinarians serving Mt Prospect, Des Plaines, Arlington Heights, Northbrook, Glenview, Morton Grove, Rolling Meadows, Wheeling, Prospect Heights, Palatine and surrounding areas
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